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History Corner by SHAFT 

Mission is not to tell you anything, just share some information with you.

Purpose enlighten, hopefully and possibly inspire.

Readers be aware title, phrases and lines from movies are true possibilities to peak your interest. There is no "he said, she said", all references are documented and range from books written for various levels of education which have been used in different levels of classrooms to the college level.

We as  adults wear our colors with pride, and dignity, pride in honoring the military men referred to a  Buffalo Soldiers. That pride is further enhanced by educating others regardless of their age or background  about our heroes, or at least my heroes.

"Black Fighting Men" in U.S. history written by Edward Wakin is part of my missions beginnings. Some of us have been reading many writings regarding military men especially black men. We know that black men have always stepped up and defended the soil they live on. That soil we now call The United States of America. The first person killed at the start of the Revolutionary War was Crispus Attucks, that battle was is referred to as the Boston Massacre March 5, 1770. A run away slave/a Blackman.

Lake Erie 1812,Commander Nathaniel Shaler  had his ship Governor Tompkins was  fired upon by a British. Seaman John Johnson, was hit by cannon fire but he shouted

" Fire away my boys no haul a color down", was never bring the colonist colors down. Commander Shaler stated "Johnson deserved to be remembered with reverence as long as bravery is considered a virtue". Johnson was not the only black seaman to lay dead at this battle John Davis also gave his life defending his country. In the year of 1812, Captain Oliver Hazard Perry fleet were comprised 1 out of every four or five seaman were black. These  actions and other actions by the British was the cause for the War of 1812, June 18, 1812.

Commander Perry voiced his disappointment of having black seaman referring to the as "this motley set of blacks and boys". Perry's commanding officer  Commodore Isaac Chauncey, rejected his Perry's complaints: I have yet to learn that the color of the skin...can affect a mans qualifications and usefulness. Chauncey had served with black seaman and he knew of their fighting abilities. Perry found out that black seaman were as good and useful as any man on his ship. Perry won the Battle of Lake Erie. Famous line in history "Perry, We have met he enemy and they are ours", with his motley crew. He went on calling his men, insensible to danger.

Many more examples of blacks way back in that time period should and can be discussed. The next installment we move closer to what I will call THE TIME OF THE BUFFALO SOLDIER.

The mission has a lot more even at this period about blacks fighting for America, unfortunately not much is written about black women. Shame on the keepers of history. 

The female freedom fighter Harriet Tubman described the horror:

And then we saw the lightening, that was the guns; and then we heard the Thunder, and that was the big guns; and then we heard the rain falling and that was the drops of blood falling; when we came to get the crops, it was dead men we reaped.

 

Sergeant Carney stayed at the wall of Fort Wagner, he planted the American Flag and waited for the second wave of Union attackers. These attackers were repulsed as well. The order sounded for the retreat Carney struggled back creeping one knee and one hand yet holding the colors aloft. He refused to give it up until he found an officer of his regiment. When he entered the field hospital his wounded comrades cheered him. This twenty three year old exhausted from blood loss of a thigh wound and a head wound responded "Boys the flag never touched the ground. The gallant 600 were stopped at the fort wall by insurmountable odds, their bravery was celebrated throughout the Union Army.

 

The New York Herald reported told his readers, he saw the black 54th, fight at Wagner as none but splendid soldiers and splendidly officered. As stated earlier even the Confederate officers gave tribute.

 

Sergeant Carney became the first Negro to win the Congressional Medal of Honor. Before the end of the war twenty black fighting men, sixteen on land and four at sea would win the nation’s highest military honor. The Congressional Medal of Honor was established during the war.

 

After the battle of Wagner, the door opened for more black soldiers in the Union Army. September 1864n 150,000 blacks were fighting on the Union side. President Lincoln was then calling them a crucial and physical force, keep it and you can save the Union loose it and the Union goes with it. All blacks-slaves and free men knew the Civil War was about slavery. As the killing went on slavery became the issue for Northerners as well. The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863 made that clear. It meant Lincoln was freeing the slaves.  Union blacks fought in 449 battles, almost entirely as members of all black units 145 regiments of infantry, 7cavalry, 12 heavy artillery, 1 light artillery, 1 regiment of engineers.  Only a few blacks made officers in these regiments, only 75 black obtained commissions, including 8 doctors.

 

Next writing I will go into how blacks were treated when captured, please come back for that.

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